Cultural Affairs INTACH: Heritage week celebrations on 16th November, 2016 at 11.30 am. Back
Harappan Gallery with Dr. Sudeshna Guha, Professor, Archaeology, Shiv Nadar University, Delhi and Former Tagore Scholar with the Harappan Collection at National Museum-11.30am-12.15pm.
About the Gallery
The collections in this gallery grew out of the discoveries of the pioneering excavations made during early 20th century, and later after the Indian independence, in 1947. The Harappan civilization is believed to be one of the oldest world civilizations together with Egypt and Mesopotamia. Objects in this gallery remain the richest and most important of their kind in the world. The Harappan civilization developed along the mighty river, Indus and for that reason it is also known as the Indus Civilization. Most of the exhibits in this gallery come from important centers of the Harappan Civilization and ancient towns like Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Nal (now in present-day Pakistan), Dholavira, Kalibangan, Lothal and Rakhigarhi (in India). The wealth and variety of the exhibits in this gallery offer both a comprehensive idea and evidence of continuity of the Indian cultural legacy.
The Decorative Arts Gallery with Dr. Anamika Pathak, Curator, Decorative Arts and Textiles, National Museum-12.30pm-100pm
About the Gallery
Every culture has its distinct features, which is clearly reflected in its art, ranging from tiles and wood carvings, ceramic or metal utensils to textiles and jewellery. These functional objects are created manually, and help us in understanding the social, religious, economical, commercial and technological development of the society. The significant period of decorative arts for the world is usually from the sixteenth century. However, in India, its history goes back to the period of Harappan Civilization (c.3500-1500 BCE). Artists in India had taken inspiration from nature and its symbolic meanings, which is reflected in all forms of Indian art including decorative arts. Arteffacts of the decorative arts group are crafted for daily, ceremonial and religious uses from a variety of materials like ivory, jade, ceramic, textile, wood, metal, glass, paper, leather and bone. An array of intricate techniques such as engraving, casting, carving, inlaying, embossing, weaving, printing, dyeing and embroidering are used by the skilled craftsmen to create beautiful works of art and utility. The rich decorative arts collection of National Museum covers utilitarian, ritualistic and secular objects, which have been displayed in four galleries: one gallery each for Wood Carvings and Textiles, and two galleries devoted to decorative arts.